Bibliography/Reference Library

The following documents may be referenced as sources of additional information on the subject of FPA and software measurement. The list is not definitive but emphasizes those publications which are of a general explanatory nature or which provide evidence of the reliability of FPA. Examples of current function point counting standards have also been included.

In Association with

Austin, Robert D., Lister, Timothy R., Demarco, Tom: “Measuring & Managing Performance in Organizations,” Dorset House, June, 1996
Purchase this book at

Demarco, Tom and Boehm, Barry W.: “Controlling Software Projects: Management, Measurement, and Estimates,” Prentice Hall PTR/Sun Microsystems Press, March, 1998
Purchase this book at

Fenton, Norman E. and Pfleeger, Shari Lawrence: “Software Metrics: A Rigorous and Practical Approach, Revised,” Brooks/Cole Pub Co., February, 1998
Purchase this book at

Florac, William A. and Carleton, Anita D.: “Measuring the Software Process,” Addison-Wesley Pub Co., July, 1999
Purchase this book at

Garmus, David and Herron, David: “Measuring The Software Process: A Practical Guide To Functional Measurements,” Prentice-Hall, 1995.
Purchase this book at

Garmus, David and Herron, David: “Function Point Analysis: Measurement Practices for Successful Software Projects,” Addison-Wesley, December, 2000.
Purchase this book at

Gomez, Julian: “Guía Práctica de Estimación y Medición de Proyectos Software,” (Spanish) 2014
Purchase this book at

Grady, Robert B.: “Practical Software Metrics for Project Management and Process Improvement,” Prentice Hall, May, 1992.
Purchase this book at

Grady, Robert B. and Caswell, Deborah L. : “Software Metrics: Establishing a Company-wide Program,” Prentice Hall PTR/Sun Microsystems Press, April, 1998.
Purchase this book at

Jones, Capers and Jones, T. Capers : “Applied Software Measurement : Assuring Productivity and Quality,” McGraw Hill, 1991.
Purchase this book at

Jones, Capers and Jones, T. Capers : “Assessment and Control of Software Risks,” Prentice Hall, February, 1994.
Purchase this book at

Jones, Capers and Jones, T. Capers : “Estimating Software Costs,” McGraw Hill, July, 1998.
Purchase this book at

Jones, Capers: “Software Assessments, Benchmarks, and Best Practices,” Addison-Wesley Pub Co, April, 2000.
Purchase this book at

Maxwell, Katrina D.: “Applied Statistics for Software Managers,” Prentice Hall PTR, June, 2002.
Purchase this book at

McGarry, John, Card, David, Jones, Cheryl, Layman, Beth, Clark, Elizabeth, Dean, Joseph, Hall, Fred: “Practical Software Measurement: Objective Information for Decision Makers,” Addison-Wesley Pub Co, October, 2001.
Purchase this book at

Natale, Domenico: “Qualita E Quantita Nei Sistemi Software; Teoria Ed Esperienze” (Italian), FrancoAngeli/Informatica, 1995/1996.

Kan, Stephen H.: “Metrics and Models in Software Quality Engineering,” Addison-Wesley Pub Co, February, 1995.
Purchase this book at

Vazquez, Carlos E., Simões, Guilherme S., Albert, Renato M., Análise de Pontos de Função: Medição, Estimativas e Gerenciamento de Projetos de Software (Portuguese), Érica, 2012.


Aguiar, Mauricio, “Function points or Use Case Points?” MetricViews, Summer 2009, pp 14 – 15

Bradley, M. and Dekkers, C. “’You Can’t Measure Us’ – The Truth Behind Developers’ Measurement Myths,” Managing System Development, Applied Computer Research, February 1996, pp. 1-5

Daniel, Jay, “Sizing Matters,” QSM, June 2016

Dekkers, C., “Managing (the Size of) Your Projects – a Project Management Look at Function Points,” CrossTalk, February 1999

Dekkers, C., “Function Points and Use Cases – Where’s the Fit?” IT Metrics Strategies, January 1999

Dekkers, C., “Demystifying Function Points: Let’s Understand Some Terminology,” IT Metrics Strategies, October 1998

Dekkers, C., “ISO Standards and Function Points: Part 1: An Introduction to the ISO Standards Development Process,” IT Metrics Strategies Volume II, No.7, July 1996, pp. 5-7

Garmus, David and Herron, David: “Accurate Estimation,” Software Development Magazine, July 1996

Garmus, David and Herron, David: “Estimating Software Earlier and More Accurately,” Methods & Tools, July 1997

Garmus, David: “Function Point Counting,” Software Development Magazine, September 1993

Garmus, David: “Function Point Counting in a Real-Time Environment,” CrossTalk, January 1996

Garmus, David: “Software Project Estimation Principles,” Data Manager, February 1998

Goldfarb, Scott: “Establishing Outsourcing Baselines,” Interface, Newsletter of the Minnesota Software Association, March 1998, pages 4, 8.

Gomez, Julian: “A blog about estimation, measurement, project management, innovation

Heller, Roger: “An Introduction to Function Point Analysis,” CrossTalk, The Journal of Defense Software Engineering, Volume 8, No. 11, November/December 1995, pages 24-26.

Herron, David: “Achieving Continuous Process Improvement,” Knowledge Base, Volume 2, Issue 1, January 1993

Herron, David: “A Measure of Success,” Siliconindia, July 1998

Herron, David: “Function Points,” Data Manager, September 1997

Hill, Peter edited and compiled by: “Software Project Estimation: A Workbook for Macro-Estimation of Software Development Effort and Duration,” ISBSG, 1999

Jones, C.: “A Short History of Function Points and Feature Points,” Software Productivity Research Incorporated, mimeo version, 2.0, Feb. 20, 1988. Includes Backfire.

Jones, C: “A Short History of the Lines of Code (LOC) Metric,” version 6.0, December 29, 2012

Jones, C.: “A Short History of the Cost Per Defect Metric,” version 4.0, December 29,2012

Jones, C.: “Software Defect Origins and Removal Methods,” Draft 5.0. December 28, 2012

Jones, C.: “The Origins of Function point Metrics,” May 17, 2016

Kemerer, C.F.: “Reliability of Function Points Measurement: A Field Experiment,” Communications of Kemerer, C.F. and Porter, B.S.: “Improving the Reliability of Function Point Measurement: An Empirical Study,” IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. SE-18, No. 11, Nov. 1992, pp. 1011-1024. Statistical Studies of Function Points – of interest to theoreticians.

Low, G.C. and Jeffery, D.R.: “Function Points in the Estimation and Evaluation of the Software Process,” IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. SE-16, No. 1, Jan. 1990, pp. 64-71. – of interest to theoreticians.

Lundquist, G., and Dekkers, C. “The Proof Is in the Ratios: Turning Raw Data into Meaningful Software Metrics,” The Journal of the Quality Assurance Institute, July 1996, pp. 1-5

Netherlands Function Point Users Group: “Definitions and Counting Guidelines For The application of Function Point Analysis,” ISBN 90-76258-02-3, 152 pages; Amsterdam, 1997.

Schofield, Joe, Armemtrout, Alan, and Trujillo, Regina, “Function Points, Use Case Points, Story Points — Observations From a Case Study”; CrossTalk – the Journal of Defense Software Engineering, Vol 26 No 3, May/June 2013, pp 23 – 27.

Symons, C.R.: “Software Sizing and Estimating: MKII FPA Function Point Analysis,” 1991, John Wiley and Sons Ltd. 5/9/95. Alternative methods of counting function points.

Treble, Stephen: “Practical Experience and Alternative Methods of Counting Function Points”

Articles on Other Sites
Charismatek Software Metrics

The David Consulting Group

Longstreet Consulting

Q/P Management Group, Inc.

Quality Plus Technologies, Inc.

Quantitative Software Management

Total Metrics